Caserta A, Morgan P, Williams C. Identifying methods for quantifying lower limb changes in children with idiopathic toe walking: A systematic review. Gait & posture. 2018. doi: 10.1016/j.gaitpost.2018.10.007


Idiopathic toe walking (ITW) is a diagnosis of exclusion for children walking on their toes with no medical cause. This systematic review aimed to identify and evaluate the clinical utility, validity and reliability of the outcome measures and tools used to quantify lower limb changes within studies that included children with ITW.

DOI: 10.1016/j.gaitpost.2018.10.007